After illegal logging allegations, certifier lodges complaint against paper giant APP
Jeremy Hance, Mongabay News
On Thursday, March 1, Greenpeace released a detailed report outlining a year-long investigation that found companies supplying APP were cutting and pulping ramin trees, which are legally protected under Indonesian law as well as under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The revelations comes after years of tussling between green groups, like WWF and Greenpeace, and APP. Conservation NGOs have targeted the paper brand for relying on rainforest and peatland destruction for its paper products, thereby endangering wildlife including Critically Endangered tigers and orangutans, emitting significant amounts of carbon, and clashing with local people.
"Greenpeace has caught Asia Pulp and Paper red-handed—this investigation shows its main pulp mill is regularly riddled with illegal ramin. This makes a mockery of their public claim to have a 'zero tolerance' for illegal timber," Bustar Maitar, Head of the Forests Campaign for Greenpeace Indonesia, said last week.
Now, one of APP's major certifiers, PEFC, has announced it is lodging an official complaint against the certification issued by SGS, a multinational corporation that does certification work, to PT Indah Kiat Pulp and Paper, an APP supplier. In a statement PEFC says the complaint asks SGS to "urgently investigate" the "use of controversial or illegally harvested timber in certified material."
PEFC has come under fire from green groups for certifying APP in the past. The world's other major forestry certifier, the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), dropped APP in 2007 after a damning report in theWall Street Journal.
Last month, SGS told WWF that its certification of APP's suppliers did not imply any level of sustainability, only an adherence to the law. But now even that basic certification appears to be in question.
Fallout from the Greenpeace report also hit the National Geographic Society (NGS), one of the world's biggest and most well-known non-profits. Greenpeace found APP fiber in a National Geographic coffee-table book. In response, National Geographic publicly stated it has not sourced from APP for "several years," but did not specify when sourcing stopped. The book in question,Global Birding, was published in late 2010.
"We do not use APP products in our current books. While there may be a few books in our inventory that were printed on APP paper, we no longer use materials supplied by this company and have not for several years," a spokesperson for National Geographic told mongabay.com. For its part, Greenpeace says it is "convinced" National Geographic will not source from APP again.
It remains unclear whether National Geographic's actions apply to its overseas operations, including its titles in Indonesia.
Other companies using fiber from APP in the report included Xerox, Wal-Mart China, Barnes and Noble, and Danone among others.
Finally, Greenpeace has sent the evidence from its investigation to the Indonesian police.
"After receiving the evidence the Deputy Director of Special Crimes told me that this case would indeed be categorized as an illegal logging activity and that the police would be coordinating with the Ministry of Forestry to investigate the matter further," Greenpeace wrote in a blog.